Четвертый уровень

Четвёртый уровень (Upper-intermediate)

Программа по грамматике для четвёртого уровня

  • Вопросительные формы глагола;
  • Вспомогательные глаголы;
  • Место прилагательных в предложении;
  • Времена повествовательного предложения;
  • Обстоятельственные обороты;
  • Все формы пассивного залога;
  • Придаточные предложения условия и времени ;
  • Условные предложения третьего типа;
  • Модальные глаголы в прошедшем времени;
  • Глаголы восприятия;
  • Герундий и инфинитив;
  • Слова для обозначения количественных отношений;
  • Придаточные относительные предложения;

Лексическая программа для четвёртого уровня

  • Болезни и лечение;
  • Одежда и мода;
  • Путешествие самолётом;
  • Преступление и наказание;
  • Погода;
  • Чувства;
  • Тело;
  • Психология музыки;
  • Великие города;
  • Бизнес и реклама;

 

Проверь себя

Уровень четвёртый (Upper-intermediate)

Test

 

Grammar

 a Complete the second sentence so that it means the same as the first.

1. I don’t have a car, but I would like one.

    I wish _______ _______ a car.

2. Please stop whistling. I’m trying to concentrate.

    I wish ______ ______ stop whistling. I’m trying to concentrate.

3. I regret speaking to her before she left.

    I wish I ______ ______ to her before she left.

4. He got a good job although he didn’t have the right qualifications.

    He got a good job despite ______ _______ the right qualifications.

5. That’s the man for whom I used to work.

     That’s the man I used ______ ______.

 

b Choose a, b, or c.

1. I opened the door quietly ______ my father up.

    a to not wake

    b so that I don’t wake

    c so as not to wake

2. He still works _____ he won a million pounds on the lottery last year.

    a in spite of

    b despite

    c even though

3. That’s the house in ______ Shakespeare was born.

    a which

    b that

    c where

4. Do you realize ______ you’ve done?

    a that

    b what

    c which

5. The dog follows me ______ I go.

    a wherever

    b however

    c whatever

 

 Vocabulary

a Circle the right word.

1. That work was exhausted / exhausting. I need a good rest now.

2. I was really shocked / shocking when I read the email.

3. This company has forty employees / employers.

4. Do you do / make business with many foreign companies?

5. That lawyer must very successful – he’s got so many customers / clients.

 

b Complete the missing words.

1. Will the company make a p_______ or loss this year?

2. The s______ for their new advertising campaign is “You’ll never find a better one”.

3. My uncle was made r______ and had to look for another job.

4. We are planning to I______ our new product in September.

5. The bank has br______ all over the country.

 

c Complete the sentences with one word.

1. He has set ______ a new company which makes software.

2. Our local shop has been taken ______ by a big supermarket chain.

3. They missed the last bus so I ended ______ having to drive them home.

4. There are many different kinds of pasta, such ______ fettucine.

5. Many English words come from French, ______ example royal.

 

d Complete sentences using the bold word and a prefix.

1. This word is very difficult to say. I always ______ it. pronounce

2. When I finish my first degree I want to get a ______ qualification. graduate

3. The city centre was completely ______ after the war. build

4. We are really ______ . We can hardly survive on our salary. paid

5. The actress wrote her ______ after she retired. biography

 

 
 

 

What can you do?

Can you understand this text?

a Read the article and choose a, b , or c.

1. Over the centuries the Piraha tribe has ______ .

    a not decreased in numbers

    b kept its customs

    c communicated without words

2. Their language is unusual because ______.

    a some concepts don’t exist

    b men and women use different vocabulary

    c there is no grammar

3. When the Piraha women speak together they ______ .

    a they can’t be understood by men

    b usually whistle to each other

    c sound as if they are just making noises

4. When Everett tried to teach them arithmetic, ______.

    a he quickly gave up

    b he eventually realized it was impossible

    c they didn’t want to learn

5. Chomsky’s Theory of Universal Grammar maintains that ______.

    a children can learn a language quickly

    b all languages have some rules in common

    c all languages count in the same way

 

b Look at the underlined words and phrases. Can you guess what they mean?


The Piraha are an isolated Amazonian tribe of hunter-gatherers who live deep in the Brazilian rainforest.The tribe has survived, their culture intact, for centuries, although there are now only around 200 left. The Piraha who communicate mainly through hums and whistles, have fascinated ethnologists for years, mainly because they have almost no words for numbers. They have only three words to count: one, two, and many.  A word without time or number

 

We know about the Piraha thanks to ex-hippy and former missionary, Dan Everett, now a Professor of Phonetics, who spent seven years with the tribe in the 70s and 80s. Everrett discovered a world without numbers, without time, without words for coloures, without subordinate clauses and without a past tense. Their language, he found, was not just simple grammatically; it was restricted in its range of sounds and differed between the sexes. For the men, it has just eight consonants and three vowels; for the women, who have the smallest number of speech sounds in the world, to seven consonants and three vowels. To the untutored ear, the language sounds more like humming than speech. The Piraha can also whistle their language, which is how men communicate when hunting.

 

Their culture is similarly constrained. The Piraha can’t write, have little collective memory, and no concept of decorative art. In 1980 Everett tried to teach them to count: he explained basic arithmetic to an enthusiastic group keen to learn the skills needed to trade with other tribes. After eight months, not one could count to ten; even one plus one was beyond them. The experiment seemed to confirm Everett’s theory: the tribe just couldn’t conceive the concept of number.

 

The Piraha’s inability to count is important because it seems to disprove Noam Chomsky’s influential Theory of Universal Grammar, which holds that the human mind has a natural capacity for language, and that all languages share a basic rule structure, which enables children to understand abstract concepts such as number.  One of Chomsky’s collaborators has recently gone on an expedition with Everett to study the tribe. We do not yet know if the Piraha have persuaded him to change his theory.

 

Can you say this in English?

Can you … ?

_ describe things that irritate and that would like people to stop doing using I wish

_ talk about things you regret in life

_ talk about advertisements you like or dislike and explain whether they make you want to buy the products

_ talk about foreign words which are used in your language and how you feel about them